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August 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Powell Says Economy in Favorable Place, Faces Significant Risks

This article by Craig Torres and Rich Miller for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

“Trade policy uncertainty seems to be playing a role in the global slowdown and in weak manufacturing and capital spending in the United States,” Powell said in the text of his remarks Friday to central bankers gathered at the Kansas City Fed’s annual symposium in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. “We will act as appropriate to sustain the expansion, with a strong labor market and inflation near its symmetric 2% objective.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

It is looking like the learning curve for a newly installed Fed chair is about 18 months. Today’s measured statement from Jerome Powell did an excellent job of placating investor fears while leaving open the optionality of how much to cut by. The Fed has made clear they will cut rates if they need to but will not hurry. However, the simultaneous announcement by China that they are increasing tariffs on $75 billion of US goods is likely to be prove the catalyst for deeper cuts.



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August 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

NYU professor calls WeWork 'WeWTF,' says any Wall Street analyst who believes it's worth over $10 billion is 'lying, stupid, or both'

This article by Scott Galloway for Business Insider may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Adam Neumann has sold $700 million in stock. As a founder, I've sold shares into a secondary offering to get some liquidity and diversify holdings. Ok, I get it. But 3/4 of a billion dollars? This is 700 million red flags that spell words on the field of a football field at halftime: "Get me the hell out of this stock, but YOU should buy some."

— Gross margins are a pretty decent proxy for how good or bad a business is. And this is a sh**ty business:

— Adam has several family members working in the business who make "less than $200,000."

— The ownership structure chart is similar to a hieroglyphic on a cave wall about the survival of the species: Harvest the crops when the sun is high in the horizon, do not venture over the hills, hostile tribes live there, and … don't buy this stock. The corporate governance structure of WeWTF makes Chinese firms look American, pre-big tech.

Eoin Treacy's view -

There is a growing risk the “liar loans” of this cycle are in the private equity space.



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August 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Panic Stations

This report by Charles Gave for GaveKal may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

The massive move we have seen in European sovereign bonds is definitely representative of a buyer’s panic but the broader question is who is panicking? Pension funds and insurance companies spring to mind. What are they panicking about? There is a real prospect we are going to see the ECB announce negative short-term rates as well as a raft of additional measures which are clearly designed to boost liquidity but will come at the expense of savers. That suggests what we are seeing is potentially a buy the rumour and sell the news phenomenon.



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August 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Eoin's personal portfolio: crypto long increased July 15th 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

One of the most commonly asked questions by subscribers is how to find details of my open traders. In an effort to make it easier I will simply repost the latest summary daily until there is a change. I'll change the title to the date of publication of new details so you will know when the information was provided. 



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August 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

2019: The 50th year of The Chart Seminar

Eoin Treacy's view -

The London Philharmonic Orchestra is holding a concert in David’s memory on October 5th October at the Royal Festival Hall. There is a reception between 5.30 and 6.45 in the Foyle Pavilion, Level 3, Green Side and subscribers are well to join David’s family there for light refreshments. Following the reception, we will move to the Beecham Bar, Blue Side, Level 5 for a short talk by Tim Walker, Chairman of the LPO. 

If you wish to attend the concert as well, which includes a performance of Elgar’s Cello Concerto by the Young Musician of the Year, it begins at 7.30 and you may book tickets (£67) by telephone on 020 7840 4242 quoting the code Fuller Concert.

Since this is the 50th year of The Chart Seminar we will be conducting the event on October 3rd and 4th to coincide with the memorial on the Saturday.

In the meantime, if you have any questions, would like to attend, or have a suggestion for another venue please feel to reach out to Sarah at sarah@fullertreacymoney.com.  

The full rate for The Chart Seminar is £1799 + VAT. (Please note US, Australian and Asian delegates, as non-EU residents are not liable for VAT). Annual subscribers are offered a discounted rate of £850. Anyone booking more than one place can also avail of the £850 rate for the second and subsequent delegates.



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August 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 22nd 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: Baltic Dry Index rallying, Transportation Index weighed down by energy, banks steady, Renminbi hits new low, the markets continue to signal a requirement for additional stimulus, gold steady, oil eases.
 



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August 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Cass Freight Index Report July 2019

Thanks to a subscriber for this report which may be of interest. Here is a section:

We acknowledge that: all of these negative percentages are against extremely tough comparisons; and the Cass Shipments Index has gone negative before without being followed by a negative GDP. However, weakness in demand is now being seen across many modes of transportation, both domestically and internationally.

Although the initial Q2 ’19 GDP was positive, it was not as positive upon dissection, and we see a growing risk that GDP will go negative by year’s end.

The weakness in spot market pricing for many transportation services, especially trucking, is consistent with the negative Cass Shipments Index and, along with airfreight and railroad volume data, strengthens our concerns about the economy and the risk of ongoing trade policy disputes. Weakness in commodity prices, and the decline in interest rates, have joined the chorus of signals calling for an economic contraction.

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area.

When retailers like Wal-Mart, Nordstrom and Target are announcing surprisingly good earnings and Amazon’s Prime Day continues to grow in turnover it is hard to square underperformance of transportation figures. Macy’s remains in a clear, potentially terminal, downtrend and there is still pressure on other brick and mortar chains but I suspect the underperformance of the lower volumes on the transportation index are down to other factors.



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August 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Hong Kong Retail Sales Plunge in August, Shop Association Says

This article by Cathy Chan for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Most Hong Kong retailers have seen sales drop more than 50% in August, according to the city’s Retail Management Association, as the ongoing political protests take a toll on business and the economy.

The association has urged landlords in the city to halve rents for six months to help tenants overcome difficult times, and has called on the government to provide relief measures to retailers, according to a press release. Retailers are facing large cash flow pressures and a few of them will cut jobs or even shut down if the situation continues to worsen, it said.

The release didn’t explain what period it was comparing August’s sales with. Hong Kong’s government expects the city’s businesses to continue to suffer this year. The value of retail sales dropped 6.7% in June from a year earlier, the fifth straight month of declines, while the overall economy contracted in the three months through June from the first quarter. Embattled Chief Executive Carrie Lam said earlier this month that she saw “no room for optimism” for the economy this year.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Several hundred thousand people chanting slogans outside your store unsurprisingly puts a dent in sales. Vital tourist traffic has slowed to a trickle as the street protests have persisted for months. Importantly, mainland travellers are staying away and that is a problem for the Hong Kong economy.



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August 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day - on gold miners versus royalty streamers:

Gold: What's the difference between ROYALTY COS., and GOLD MINERS? Please explain.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Thank you for this question which may be of interest to subscribers. Royalty companies typically provide seed capital or bridge financing for miners to reach full commercial production. In return for providing risk capital, they gain a percentage of production from the project at favourable rates in perpetuity. The best companies tend to invest in capital constrained environments like commodity bear markets and prosper in bull markets.



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August 21 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 21 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

World's First 30-Year Bond With Zero Coupon Flops in Germany

This article by John Ainger for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

“This shows that there is less demand for 30-year bonds at negative yields,” said Marco Meijer, a senior fixed-income strategist at BNP Paribas SA. Still, Meijer doesn’t “see yields rising a lot in Europe.”

The whole of Germany’s yield curve is now below zero -- the first major market exhibiting such a trait -- meaning the government is effectively being paid to borrow out to 30 years. That’s a reflection of dwindling expectations for inflation and growth over the coming years, while the European Central Bank is widely forecast to introduce a new wave of monetary stimulus next month.

The sale comes as Germany is priming the pumps for extra spending should an economic crisis hit. While the nation is confined to strict laws on running a fiscal deficit, Finance Minister Olaf Scholz suggested Germany could muster 50 billion euros ($55 billion) should a recession hit. The economy contracted in the second quarter.

 

Eoin Treacy's view -

Bond market investors are not quite yet willing to be the Turkeys that vote for Christmas. Even the most bullish of momentum traders can see that locking in a zero return, at best, for maturities out to 2049 does not make for sense for long-term investors. However, it is also worth remembering that this situation is occurring in a global slowdown where growth is still positive. It portends even lower yields during a contraction.



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August 21 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

European Stock Strategists Predict Selloff Will Only Worsen

This article by Namitha Jagadeesh for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Much like the rest of the world, investors in European equities have been whipsawed in August by headlines on the U.S.-China trade war. Making matters worse, the region’s companies have seen a stream of profit warnings, Germany’s edging closer to a recession, Italian politicians are at it again, and Brexit remains Brexit.

For months, strategists had been calling for European equities to rein in the strong rally that kicked off 2019, although there was little indication until recently the stock market would oblige. Their average annual predictions for the region’s two main gauges is slightly higher this month compared with July’s response, but still lower than current index levels.

As late as July, the Stoxx 600 was up 16% for the year, almost twice the gain forecasters now see for 2019. Since then, the region that catches a cold when the world sneezes is faring a lot worse.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Monetary policy beats most other factors most of the time has been one of the most enduring adages at this service. The ECB is believed to be readying a raft of policy support initiatives for its September meeting. Since the removal of QE and the tightening of the LTRO program were instrumental in the tightening of liquidity, it is reasonable to expect kickstarting the stimulus engine will reinvigorate animal spirits.



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August 21 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Twitter Helps China Push Agenda Abroad Despite Ban in Mainland

This article by Shelly Banjo and Sarah Frier for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

China’s ambassador to the U.S. tweeted that “radical protesters” were eroding the rule of law embraced by the #silentmajority of Hong Kongers. The Chinese Mission to the United Nations’ Twitter account asked protesters to “stop the violence, for a better #Hong Kong,” while social media accounts of Chinese embassies in Manila, India and the Maldives shared articles from China’s state media blaming Westerners for disrupting the city. “Separatists in Hong Kong kept in close contact with foreign elements,” one story says above a photo of U.S. Vice President Mike Pence.

“We know China is adept at controlling domestic information, but now they are trying to use Western platforms like Twitter to control the narrative on the international stage,” said Jacob Wallis, a senior analyst at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute’s International Cyber Policy Centre.

It’s unclear if any of these diplomats were set up on the service by Twitter, but the state-backed attempt to discredit Hong Kong protesters continues to reach millions of global Twitter users. In many cases, the Chinese officials are promoting views similar to those in 936 accounts Twitter banned on Monday.

The practice of supporting Chinese officials who use Twitter to spread the Communist Party agenda highlights how difficult it is for the social media company to balance its commitment to root out disinformation and to allow the expression of varying opinions. It also raises concerns around why Twitter is helping Beijing make its case to a global audience when the service is banned in China, where dissenting voices are prohibited and officials sometimes detain users accessing the platform through virtual private networks.

Eoin Treacy's view -

While in China last week my daughter and I tried a number of different apps to see if they worked on public wifi. Facebook, Instagram, Google, Twitter etc do not work. In fact, no English language search works on any browser with any kind of regularity. However, less well-known but popular social media apps like iFunny, Discord and Ameno seem to work fine. TikTok is an interesting case because it has a Chinese version which is completely independent of the English language version following Bytedance’s acquisition of Musically last year.



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August 20 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 20th 2019

August 20 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Buy Gold "At Any Level" Mobius Says as Central Bankers Ease

This article by Ranjeetha Pakiam and Haslinda Amin for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Veteran investor Mark Mobius gave a blanket endorsement to buying gold, saying accumulating bullion will reap long-term rewards as leading central banks loosen monetary policy and the rise of cryptocurrencies serves only to reinforce demand for genuinely hard assets. Prices climbed.

“Gold’s long-term prospect is up, up and up, and the reason why I say that is money supply is up, up and up,” Mobius, who set up Mobius Capital Partners LLP last year after three decades at Franklin Templeton Investments, told Bloomberg TV. He added: “I think you have to be buying at any level, frankly.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Gold is monetary metal and is therefore valued both as a currency and a commodity. In both markets the outlook for interest rates and supply are important considerations. Interests rates are on a downward trajectory everywhere. Just by having a zero pay-out, gold is looking more attractive. In an environment where competitive currency devaluation is a growing trend gold is a standout for holding its relative value.



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August 20 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Italian Premier to Resign After Condemning Salvini's Rebellion

This article by Chiara Albanese and Lorenzo Totaro for Bloomberg may be of interest. Here is a section: 

While Conte’s resignation adds to the uncertainty, bond investors welcomed the fact that an alternative coalition is still on the table, while the chance of snap elections in the fall diminished somewhat. Yields on 10-year Italian bonds touched 1.31%, the lowest level since 2016, while the spread over German bonds -- a key gauge of risk in the nation -- dropped to 200 basis points for the first time in nearly two weeks.

Salvini pulled his support from the governing alliance with the anti-establishment Five Star Movement this month, saying the coalition no longer has a working majority. The 46-year-old anti-immigration hardliner has been seeking to cash in on strong poll ratings and upended the political establishment with a mid-summer power grab while parliament was in recess.

At stake is whether Italy’s mountain of public debt -- a chronic concern for both European officials and international investors -- will be managed by a right-wing ideologue set on confrontation with Brussels. Salvini on Tuesday promised Italians 50 billion euros ($55 billion) of tax cuts and public spending if he can take control of the government.

Eoin Treacy's view -

There was a certain inevitability about the collapse of the merger between right and left-wing populists. In fact, some might reason it is amazing it lasted this long. Italian politics is not noted for the longevity of its administrations. Annual elections are the price to pay as the political establishment strains to come to terms with giving a voice a population at odds with the continued adherence to decades of fiscal austerity.



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August 20 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

The WeWork IPO

This article by Ben Thompson for his Stratechery blog may be of interest. Here is a section:

Frankly, there is a lot to like about the WeWork opportunity. Yes, a $47 billion valuation seems way too high, particularly given the fact the company is on pace to make only about $440 million in gross profit this year (i.e. excluding all buildout and corporate costs), and given the huge recession risk. At the same time, this is a real business that provides real benefits to companies of all sizes, and those benefits are only growing as the nature of work changes to favor more office work generally and more remote work specifically. And, critically, there is no real competition.

The problem is that the “unsavoriness” I referred to above is hardly limited to the fact that WeWork can stiff its landlords in an emergency. The tech industry generally speaking is hardly a model for good corporate governance, but WeWork takes the absurdity an entirely different level. For example:

WeWork paid its own CEO, Adam Neumann, $5.9 million for the “We” trademark when the company reorganized itself earlier this year.

That reorganization created a limited liability company to hold the assets; investors, however, will buy into a corporation that holds a share of the LLC, while other LLC partners hold the rest, reducing their tax burden.

WeWork previously gave Neumann loans to buy properties that WeWork then rented.
WeWork has hired several of Neumann’s relatives, and Neumann’s wife would be one of three members of a committee tasked to replace Neumann if he were to die or become permanently disabled over the next decade.

Neumann has three different types of shares that guarantee him majority voting power; those shares retain their rights if sold or given away, instead of converting to common shares.

Eoin Treacy's view -

WeWork by all accounts creates spaces where people might actually want to work. That’s no mean feat. It’s not cheap but it is laudable. I spent a couple of days a week popping in and out of the Luxembourg Regis office between 2000 and 2003 and it was a pretty grim experience despite the prime location on Boulevard Royal. I would never have volunteered to work there full time if there was a better alternative available.



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August 19 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 19 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Breakout in Gold

Thanks to Dr. David Brown for this commentary which I am sure will be of interest to the Collective.

August 16 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 16 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Dealing with the next downturn: From unconventional monetary policy to unprecedented policy coordination

Thanks to a subscriber for this report from Blackrock which may be of interest. Here is a section:

A soft form of coordination would rely on monetary and fiscal policy both providing stimulus when needed. Looking at the policy response during and after the crisis, and as we discussed earlier, there was room for a better policy mix with less reliance on monetary policy and more emphasis on fiscal policy. This is, in principle, a fruitful avenue to explore. Yet there are reasons why that better policy mix was not achieved – chiefly that it is practically and politically easier to resort to monetary policy. These forces are likely to keep prevailing in the future – and those simply hoping for a better form of soft coordination will probably be disappointed.

The charts below highlight how major economies are on a path of neutral budgets or mild deficit consolidation over the next five years based on IMF forecasts as of April 2019. This comes as their debt servicing costs have declined relative to growth – and given the recent plunge in interest rates those debt servicing costs have likely fallen further. See the expected change in the interest bill in the chart on the left below. This implies that fiscal policy is currently not pulling its weight.

This means that in a downturn the only solution is for a more formal – and historically unusual – coordination of monetary and fiscal policy to provide effective stimulus. Already many of the monetary policy tools adopted since the crisis – QE including private sector assets – have fiscal implications. Special facilities such as the eurozone’s Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) during the sovereign crisis also show how the central bank can throw its balance sheet behind fiscal solutions.

Any additional measures to stimulate economic growth will have to go beyond the interest rate channel and “go direct” – when a central bank crediting private or public sector accounts directly with money. One way or another, this will mean subsidising spending – and such a measure would be fiscal rather than monetary by design. This can be done directly through fiscal policy or by expanding the monetary policy toolkit with an instrument that will be fiscal in nature, such as credit easing by way of buying equities. This implies that an effective stimulus would require coordination between monetary and fiscal policy – be it implicitly or explicitly.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Both the Bank of Japan and Swiss National Bank are already buying equities. In the Bank of Japan’s case this is through ETFs and it is the biggest single owner of domestic equities. The Swiss National Bank has been buying Autonomies and it is now also a listed stock so investors can see the value of its holdings rise and fall. For both these countries converting the eroding value of fiat currencies into the shares of globally significant business is a sound if cynical strategy. It is only a matter of time before other central banks do the same.



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August 16 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Alibaba's Financial Superstar is Shining Once More

This article by Tim Culpan for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

At 1.63 billion yuan ($237 million), Alibaba’s share of Ant’s profit was the highest in almost two years. In three of the past eight quarters, Ant ran at a loss or provided zero earnings to Alibaba, according to the data. Despite this uptick, Ant’s contribution to Alibaba’s bottom line remains minor at around 7% of operating income. It could shrink again if Alibaba’s e-commerce business dwindles.

Yet Ant has plans to expand its reach throughout China’s economy, including moves deeper into wealth management and other financial products. This could make it relatively robust against any weakness in online and offline commerce should a macroeconomic slowdown continue. 

Given Alibaba’s moves to broaden its business into offline shopping, cloud computing and entertainment, investors may not need to get panicky about retail just yet. But when that time comes, Ant may have grown large enough to shine a bright enough light across the rest of the business. 

Eoin Treacy's view -

Both Amazon and Alibaba are discovering that the future of retail is a hybrid online and bricks & mortar experience. That is not what investors believed would be the case when they accepted massive valuations. The theory was the high costs of physical infrastructure on the high street would be replaced by smaller workforces and remote warehouses. The truth is we need both and that comes at a cost. The benefit both companies have is they are in a better position to provide this kind of hybrid experience than many established retailers.



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August 16 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Musings From the Oil Patch August 13th 2019

Thanks to a subscriber for this edition of Allen Brooks’ ever-interesting report for PPHB. Here is a section:

Today’s energy world is nothing like what it was prior to OPEC’s move.  It is even moving away from the model that evolved immediately after the price collapse.  Both of those models have been shunned by investors.  A new model is evolving in response to investor demands that energy companies be profitable and return cash to investors.  This new model is evolving in response to the disconnect between energy company fundamentals and their share prices.  That disconnect is evident in Exhibit 8, which tracks oil prices and stock indexes reflecting oil and oil service companies since mid-2014 when oil prices began sliding, before OPEC delivered its coup de grâce.  Oil company stocks (XLE) performed better during this period, largely because they pay dividends, offering investors income while waiting for share values to reflect higher oil prices.  Oil service stocks (OSX) fell steadily in this period, because of too much debt and shrinking market activity leading to substantial asset impairment and eroding company values.  

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

If we are indeed now in a period where energy investors are more demanding of profits than production growth that is not great news for the fragmented nature of the shale oil sector. That suggests there is significant scope for consolidation to provide the profitability demanded by investors.



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August 15 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 15th 2019

August 15 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Holidays

Eoin Treacy's view -

I will be travelling to Guangzhou and Taiwan between August 5th and 19th. I don't anticipate any issues with posting a limited Comment of the Day and Subscriber's video but I may be posting at odd times because of the timezone. If subscriber's would like to submit copy of general interest to the Collective we will be happy to publish it over the coming couple of weeks. 



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August 15 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Hot Spots

Thanks to a subscriber for this report from KKR which may be of interest. Here is a section:

What to do with China: Stay the course, but get more local. There are many reasons to worry about deploying capital in China these days. Geopolitical noise is high, with the recent intentional China currency weakening, the U.S. selling military equipment to Taiwan and Hong Kong poised to celebrate China National Day on October 1, 2019, more bumps in the road likely lie ahead. Moreover, the economy is now also clearly feeling the adverse impact of a decade-long debt stimulus program, and we believe that disinflationary forces are likely to keep a lid on pricing power. Finally, the ability to realize capital gains is becoming tougher as pulling capital out of China is now more difficult and/or seeking liquidity through the U.S. IPO market is likely to become more constrained.

However, China remains a core market where investors need to be active locally for several reasons. For starters, the shift we are seeing in technology – and the delivery of goods and services related to technology – is unlike anything else we see in any other market in the world. As such, we all need to learn more about and invest meaningfully behind these changes. In addition, given the rise of the Chinese millennial, we think that there is considerable money to be made as these 330 million individuals come of age.

Investors also need to work harder to better understand the rules of engagement to ensure that they are backing initiatives that do not conflict with the government’s agenda. Doing so will create significant opportunity because China still needs an increase in GDP-per capita to meet its stated 2020 goal of doubling total GDP since 2010. In our opinion, healthcare, food safety, travel, leisure, and wellness are all areas of significant investment potential, as they represent areas where the government wants and needs private sector support to continue to improve the quality of life for its population of approximately 1.4 billion.

Finally, given the uncertainty, we think that the opportunity to buy complexity at a discount is significant. Beyond just acquiring positions through the public markets (which is becoming a more relevant opportunity set for PE firms), our conversations in Beijing with senior executives lead us to believe that there is a forthcoming wave of deconglomeratization in China that could soon rival what we are seeing in Japan these days. Simply stated, multinationals are increasingly of the mindset that doing business in China as a foreigner is getting tougher, not easier. If we are even partially right, this opportunity could be quite meaningful to KKR’s Private Equity, Real Estate, Credit, and Infrastructure franchises over the next five to seven years, we believe.

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area.

Private equity investors continue to salivate over the opportunities in China where there is a clear effort to become the world’s leader in new technology areas at just the same time that the USA is looking to combat the rise of its own technology sector. The question everyone has to wrestle with is the likelihood of being able to realise profits at some stage in future. That might be easier for private equity investors than public market investors but it is an important question nonetheless.



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August 15 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

German Profit Warnings Signal Trade Woes May Trigger Recession

This article by Jan-Patrick Barnert for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Industrial companies have fared worst during the second-quarter earnings season. Expectations for German businesses were comparatively low, but even so, only 41% of them managed to beat sales estimates. The ratio is well above 50% in France, Italy and Spain.

The consequences are starting to be felt. Unemployment rose by a total of 62,000 in the three months through July and demand for new workers continued to soften. That’s bad news for a country hoping to make up dwindling exports with consumption and investment. Domestic demand still supported the economy in the second quarter but that might change once uncertain prospects prompt companies and households to rein in spending.

Economists at Deutsche Bank AG and ABN Amro Group NV see Germany’s economy contracting again in the third quarter, pushing the nation in recession -- it’s first in six and a half years. Many more analysts say the risk of such a scenario has increased significantly after Wednesday’s report.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Germany relies on the rest of the Eurozone and China for its exports. Europe is totally dependent on the ECB’s monetary stimulus for growth because individual countries cannot engage in fiscal stimulus or devalue their shared currency. With the measly LTRO program announced at the end of last year and reluctance to admit ending quantitative easing was a mistake, the EU economy is foundering and hitting Germany harder than most. China’s continued focus on the domestic consumer rather than heavy industry also represents a headwind for Germany



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August 15 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Corbyn's Plan to Stop a No-Deal Brexit Is Dead

This article by Therese Raphael for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

That puts paid to the idea of a national unity government for now, unless Corbyn were to back down and accept another figure in charge (pigs will fly first). The various other blocking options, detailed in a column earlier this week, offer little confidence to those wanting to stop no deal either. Probably the best chance, short of a change of government, is for the opposition to force through legislation that requires an extension of the deadline. House of Commons Speaker John Bercow would be instrumental in this and he seems to be bullish.

“I will fight with every breath in my body to stop that happening. We cannot have a situation in which parliament is shut down. We are a democratic society and parliament will be heard,” he told an Edinburgh festival audience this week.

Binary choices in politics are like truth serum. Theresa May offered her deal or said the country would head toward a no-deal exit. Lawmakers refused her deal. Offered the prospect of Johnson’s no-deal exit or Jeremy Corbyn in Downing Street, they again took a pass at the alternative. Perhaps they still believe a no-deal Brexit can be averted through other means, or else they are willing to accept it and go to an election laying the blame elsewhere (the government, parliament, the EU). Either way, it’s not very reassuring.

Eoin Treacy's view -

It’s hard not to be disillusioned by the UK’s political impasse. If nothing else it highlights in bold terms that politicians are concerned about holding onto their jobs above all over factors. The best course of action in negotiating its exit from the EU was to push a Hard Brexit. It’s difficult to accept that so many politicians still cannot bring themselves to accept that fact even if they have no intention of following through on it.



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August 14 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 14th 2019

August 14 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Macro Outlook: Will the Fed's Pivot Save the Day? Guggenheim Partners

Thanks to a subscriber for this report by Brian Smedley for Guggenheim may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The U.S. economy is slowing as headwinds mount and tailwinds fade

The labor market is tight but is beginning to lose momentum, a clear late-cycle signal

Our research continues to point to a recession beginning in H1 2020

The next recession could be prolonged due to limited policy space at home and overseas

A looming recession means reducing risk, upgrading credit quality and extending duration

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the fullr report is posted in the Subscriber's Area.

For a recession to begin at the beginning of 2020 growth would have to be negative in this quarter. That’s a big ask in my opinion. The one thing we know about the inversion of the yield curve spread is it has a long lead time. On the last two occasions it offered an 18-month lead indicator of trouble in the economy. That suggests we should probably be looking at after the US Presidential Election rather than before it for a source of strife. However, we will need to be guided by the price action.  



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August 13 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 13th 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area

Some of the points covered include: Tariffs averted so Wall Street rebounds, gold pauses, oil firm, Yen pauses in the region of the January peak, Continuous Commodity Index continues to trend lower, Renminbi slightly firmer, yield curve spread continue to flatten, high yield spreads beginning to trend higher



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August 13 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

U.S. Delays 10% China Tariffs on Some Holiday-Shopping Favorites

This article by Jenny Leonard and Shawn Donnan for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

While some tariffs will take effect on Sept. 1 as planned, “certain products are being removed from the tariff list based on health, safety, national security and other factors,” the USTR also said.

About $250 billion of Chinese goods have already been hit by 25% duties.

Chinese Vice Premier Liu He talked with USTR Robert Lighthizer and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin by phone on Tuesday, according to a statement posted on the Ministry of Commerce website. Another conference call is planned again in two weeks.

The tariff announcement came shortly after Trump insisted again that his levies were not causing higher prices for American consumers and that China was bearing the cost of them. Economists and businesses have disputed that last point.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The holiday season inventory build is in full swing. Since more than half of all retail sales occur in the last three months of the year it is good to know the Trump administration is sensitive to the needs of retailers. By delaying tariffs on common gifts ideas investors can breathe a sigh of relief and economists will worry less about inflation.



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August 13 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day on the ramifications of negative yields

See yield chart middle page 1.  How low (negative) can govt credit yields (-1%) go till the financial system freezes over?  Serious Q……………this negative yield stuff wasn’t taught in Economics 101.

There must be an absolute level of negative rates that destroys money velocity (V) as it means no one puts money in the bank anymore and lending gets restricted.  At -10% I wouldn’t lend to UBS.  What happens at say -5%?  Assuming a real rate of 3%, bank lending -after a margin of say 2%- would essentially be FREE (0%).  But what does that do to banking system integrity (banks make money but less of it as their margins collapse; their deposit base shrinks as they struggle to increase/ attract deposits………….not only do depositors go on strike but existing depos are decreased annually by negative yields!)….and what about regulatory oversight?….would CBs and regulators afraid of imprudent lending caused by needy borrowers at 0% step in to restrict the very process that they are trying to encourage via making money so cheap?  i.e. will they try to stop “BAD” lending.  How will they judge/enforce?

And where does inflation fit into this calculus?...without any inflation the interest rate structure/ yield curve that might restore banking margins is hard to normalize/ become positive again.

Or should governments everywhere borrow vast sums at negative rates for 50 years to finance a massive infrastructure spend (highways, 5G, clean energy, railways etc.) i.e. “GOOD” lending?  Wouldn’t this raise rates and restore normality?  Then what debt / GDP levels are prudent (see Italy)?  I recall Argentina’s 100-year bond issue in 2017 at 7.9%, 3x over-subscribed by famished yield scavengers.

Investment implications

  • Negative bond yields unattractive versus investment in high quality equities paying well covered dividends, though it is certainly not a good world for poor quality companies who don’t
  • How is any of this bad for gold, whose carry cost is collapsing?

 

Just sharing some thoughts, largely written out of confusion

Eoin Treacy's view -

I think we are all in a state of disbelief at the willingness of investors to pour trillions into bonds with a negative yield. I have long wondered at the absence of any discussion of bond market convexity over the last decade. After all, shouldn’t we all have an interest in the sensitivity of bonds to changes in interest rates?



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August 13 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Weaker Yuan Tests China's Ability to Prevent Capital Flight

This article by Steven Russolillo for the Wall Street Journal may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section: 

Any further selloff could also create problems for Chinese property developers and other corporate borrowers who have borrowed heavily overseas, since their earnings are largely in yuan while their international borrowings are mostly in dollars.

Chinese companies had nearly $900 billion of dollar-denominated debt securities outstanding at the end of March, nearly three times the amount five years ago, according to data from the Bank for International Settlements.

Despite Beijing’s strict capital controls, China could experience capital flight if the yuan weakens further, some observers say.

Louis Kuijs, head of Asia economics at Oxford Economics, said policy makers wouldn’t be comfortable with a major weakening of the yuan, given concerns about triggering large outflows.

“People in China tend to take weakening of the currency as a harbinger of more such weakening to come,” he said. “That is a reason for some to shift money abroad.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Amid the platitudes about having confidence in its ability to deter capital flight, the fact US Dollar denominated debt has continued to trend higher since it was banned more than a year ago should give policy officials pause. China needs a weaker currency and we are unlikely to see it trade stronger than CNY7 any time soon. The bigger question is how long it will take to hit CNY8.



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August 12 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 12th 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber;s Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: Argentinean Peso collaposes, commodities currencies retreat, copper and oil remain weak, China steady but it is a manipulated market, India steady, Wall Street eases back but remains a relative strength leader, bonds firm, gold back above $1500, silver playing catch up.



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August 12 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Economic Compass A primer on protectionism

Thanks to a subscriber for this report from RBC Asset Management which may be of interest. Here is a section:

Second, production costs between countries are converging, in part due to all of the globalization that has already happened. Demonstrating this, U.S. wages have managed only limited growth in recent decades at the same time that Chinese wages have surged. The result is greater competitive parity: the savings from producing something in China and selling it to the U.S. have shrunk. A more homogenous world simply doesn’t need to trade as much.

Third, prior trade tailwinds have faded. All of the grand trade achievements of the past several decades – NAFTA, the EU, the opening of ex-Soviet bloc countries and China – have now been mostly absorbed into the global economy. Few major countries remain outside the global economic system, waiting to jolt the world forward with their entry. In turn, there is no reason for trade growth to continue substantially outpacing economic growth. To be sure, there are still a smattering of new free trade agreements being struck, but they are fewer in number, and by definition smaller in achievement given that tariff rates had already been whittled down by prior efforts (Exhibit 3).

Fourth, and finally, there are new trade headwinds now blowing from the spate of populist governments recently installed around the world.

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area.

The magnanimous ideal of giving up antiquated industries in service to building a global economy which could lift millions of people out of poverty is something the whole world got behind.



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August 12 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Mortgages Hit Zero for First Time in Danish Rate History

This article by Frances Schwartzkopff for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Denmark introduced negative rates in 2012 as investors seeking refuge from Europe’s debt crisis piled into AAA-rated krone assets, threatening to destabilize the country’s euro peg. Back then, when Nodgaard was head of the Financial Supervisory Authority, he said negative rates were unlikely to hurt banks since lower impairments would offset a decline in interest income.

But no one expected negative rates to last this long. While banks initially benefited from lower impairments and inflated asset prices, their business models are struggling to withstand persistently low rates.

Last year Denmark’s banking and mortgage industry reported its lowest operating profit in at least five years, while return on equity hit a three-year low. Some banks are now looking into passing on the cost of negative rates to retail customers, broaching a subject that was once considered taboo.

The interest rate on current-account deposits at the central bank and the amount that lenders can place there are among a handful of levers that the central bank uses to maintain the krone’s peg to the euro.

The central bank has raised its current-account limit before, most notably back in 2015 when Switzerland’s decision to send its franc into a free float fanned speculation Denmark would be next. Back then, the Danish central bank raised its current account limit to 174 billion kroner.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Ben Bernanke’s fateful words “Deflation, making sure it doesn’t happen here” must be ringing through the halls of central banks the world over as $15 trillion in negative yielding bonds are pricing in a deflationary spiral the like of which the world has seldom seen. What Denmark’s experience with negative rates tells us is that traditional banking is doomed without some form of exaggerated assistance from the government. Perhaps more importantly, once accepted negative rates seem like a hard habit to kick.



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August 12 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Mysterious radiation leak, 100x larger than Fukushima disaster, traced to Russian facility

This article from the Bigthink.com may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

"Today most of these European networks are connected to each other via the informal 'Ring of Five' (Ro5) platform for the purpose of rapid exchange of expert information on a laboratory level about airborne radionuclides detected at trace levels," it says. "In October 2017, an unprecedented release of ruthenium-106 into the atmosphere was the subject of numerous detections and exchanges within the Ro5."

State-owned Russian nuclear corporation Rosatom denied the findings of the recent study.

"We maintain that there have been no reportable events at any Rosatom-operated plants or facilities," Rosatom said. "Both the national regulator and experts from an independent international inquiry inspected the Mayak facility back in 2017 and found nothing to suggest that the ruthenium-106 isotope originated from this site, nor found any traces of an alleged accident, nor found any evidence of local staff exposure to elevated levels of radioactivity."

Eoin Treacy's view -

This kind of headline, regardless of whether it originally occurred in 2017 is bad news for uranium miners. We can make the case for the viability of next generation reactors until we are blue in the face, but one headline grabbing accident kills any progress make in rehabilitating perceptions.



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August 09 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 09 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Kolanovic Says Stocks Rallying on Buybacks, Quant Selling Eases

This article by Lu Wang for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

“We see this sell-off as a medium-term buying opportunity,” Kolanovic and his team wrote Thursday in a note to clients. “After a short period of stabilization, markets will likely regain previous highs.”

JPMorgan’s finding on corporate demand echoes that from Goldman Sachs Group Inc. David Kostin, Goldman’s chief U.S. equity strategist, told Bloomberg TV earlier that the firm’s buyback desk saw executions increase “dramatically” Monday when the S&P 500 tumbled 3%.

Stocks started selling off last week after the Federal Reserve played down its easing cycle and the U.S.-China trade war escalated. Some strategists pointed to quants as one of the culprits that may exacerbate the rout. In a note before Monday’s trading, Binky Chadha, chief global strategist at Deutsche Bank AG, said quant traders have raised their equity exposure to one of the highest in the past decade and may dump more than $70 billion of shares in coming weeks should the market turbulence persist.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Stock buybacks have been one of the primary mechanisms through which easy monetary policy has found its way into the equity markets. With the world heading progressively towards combined monetary and fiscal stimulus it is likely that the flow of capital companies are willing to commit to support their own shares will also increase.



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August 09 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Revealed: how Monsanto's 'intelligence center' targeted journalists and activists

This article from The Guardian may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The documents, mostly from 2015 to 2017, were disclosed as part of an ongoing court battle on the health hazards of the company’s Roundup weedkiller. They show:

Monsanto planned a series of “actions” to attack a book authored byGillam prior to its release, including writing “talking points” for “third parties” to criticize the book and directing “industry and farmer customers” on how to post negative reviews.

Monsanto paid Google to promote search results for “Monsanto Glyphosate Carey Gillam” that criticized her work. Monsanto PR staff also internally discussed placing sustained pressure on Reuters, saying they “continue to push back on [Gillam’s] editors very strongly every chance we get”, and that they were hoping “she gets reassigned”.

Monsanto “fusion center” officials wrote a lengthy report about singer Neil Young’s anti-Monsanto advocacy, monitoring his impact on social media, and at one point considering “legal action”. The fusion center also monitored US Right to Know (USRTK), a not-for-profit, producing weekly reports on the organization’s online activity.

Monsanto officials were repeatedly worried about the release of documents on their financial relationships with scientists that could support the allegations they were “covering up unflattering research”.

Eoin Treacy's view -

It’s hard to imagine how much more toxic Monsanto’s reputation can get but as the record of the company’s nefarious actions come to light it is understandable why they were so willing to be taken over by Bayer. They are now attempting to settle the Roundup weedkiller class action lawsuits for $6-$8 billion while lawyers are looking for more upwards of $10 billion.



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August 09 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day - on European energy prices

This is by Benny Peiser who is the director of the GWPF. Some bold warnings about Europe's decline fuelled by its high energy prices.

 

Eoin Treacy's view -

Outsized economic growth and the higher standards of living it delivers is the single best way of creating concern for lower emissions, a cleaner environment and creating greater efficiencies. We have plenty of empirical evidence that this is the case and yet it is still a hard sell for many politicians. The concentration of the argument on climate change is probably at the root of this problem. Instead we should be thinking about improving the human condition not as the problem but as the solution.



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August 08 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 08 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Bridgewater's Ray Dalio Discusses the Impact of China's Growth on the World Economy

This is a fascinating interview where Ray Dalio discusses the merits of betting on China.

Eoin Treacy's view -

There are two very big questions we have to answer which are fundamental to the construction of a long-term portfolio. The first is does governance really mean anything? The second is how do you value private assets in a portfolio?
 
At this service we have long held that governance is everything. Is that still true? Ray Dalio appears to be agnostic on whether property rights, respect for minority shareholder interests, an independent judiciary and a free press are important. What I personally find particularly interesting is that the performance of China’s stock market, during the decade where it has achieved the heights of its ambition has been dismal.



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August 08 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

From Global Heroes to Rates Near Zero, Rock-Star Economies Flop

This article by Michael Heath for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Australia and New Zealand now find themselves with just 1 percentage point of conventional monetary policy remaining. That’s around the same level the Federal Reserve and Bank of England had when they turned to quantitative easing to support moribund demand following the 2008 financial crisis.

New Zealand’s 50 basis point interest-rate cut Wednesday and Australia’s back-to-back easing in June and July suggest both have joined the global race to the bottom. Policy makers across the world are looking for every bit of stimulus available and currency depreciation is an obvious one.

The kiwi dropped more than a U.S. cent after the RBNZ decision. RBA chief Philip Lowe would have enjoyed the spillover that sent his currency to the lowest level since 2009.

Lowe has noted the trouble with a global easing cycle is that the very nature of exchange rates means not everyone can enjoy the currency benefit usually associated with lower interest rates.

There seems little doubt that Australia and New Zealand’s ascendancy is over and both are now right back in the global policy pack. It’s a far cry from five years ago, when HSBC Plc’s chief economist for Australia Paul Bloxham described New Zealand as a “rock-star economy” and his country’s currency was still near parity with the U.S. dollar.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Lopping 50 basis points off of interest rates is a big move, particularly when it was not especially expected by markets. Considering how much New Zealand’s economy depends on China it probably says more about waning Chinese demand than the internal dynamics of domestic economy. The New Zealand Dollar is back testing the region of the lows for the year and will need bounce in a dynamic manner if demand is return to dominance beyond short-term steadying.



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August 08 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

As Shale Drillers Stumble, Big Oil Says It Can Do Permian Better

This article by Rachel Adams-Heard for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Concho Resources Inc., long considered one of the Permian’s premier operators, was forced to scale back activity after drilling almost two dozen wells too closely together. That move by the Midland, Texas-based producer spooked investors across the industry, with Evercore ISI predicting the “carnage” would have a lasting impact.

Concho’s problem with well spacing highlights the challenges of fracking so-called child wells: Too close to the “parent,” and output is less prolific; too far apart, and companies risk leaving oil in the ground.

Exxon and Chevron say they aren’t as exposed to those problems. Because of their size relative to smaller independent producers, the oil giants are able to lock up acreage, giving them room to be more conservative in their well spacing.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The lower for longer nature of oil pricing over the last few years and probably for the foreseeable future suggests smaller independent oil drillers and producers need to concentrate a lot more on containing costs. That suggests there is scope for consolidation within the Permian where the larger better capitalised companies are likely to have an advantage.



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August 07 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 07 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day on the history of export growth

I note a few points. 

First, China was actually there on the list of top exporters in 1961. Then it disappeared and did not reappear until 35 years later. 

Second, at no time did Japan ever exceed Germany as an exporter but not once was there any paranoia in the US about Germans taking over the US economy?

Third, the UK was falling down the ranks of exporters until the pound sterling collapse in 1992 and the devaluation actually helped them recover along with the Maastricht Treaty in 1993 - giving them the access to EU export market without the monetary shackles of the Euro. And Brexiters still think Britain is better off??? 

Fourth, the gap between Germany and Japan was almost narrowing to zero until 1993, then Germany pulled away resolutely - and today exports twice as much as Japan. 

So, Germany will always stand by the Eurozone - nobody has benefitted like they have.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Thanks to Bernard Tan for the above comments and this video which is one of the most illuminating on export growth and contraction on a relative basis I have seen. (Please note the file it’s 36 megabytes so it may take some time to download on slower internet connections).



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August 07 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Central Bank Hunger for Gold Lifts Demand to Three-Year Hig

This article by Rupert Rowling for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Nations added 374.1 tons in the first six months as Russia and China kept building reserves and Poland made a massive purchase. The trend is expected to continue, with a recent survey of central banks showing 54% of respondents expect global holdings to climb in the next 12 months.

Central banks around the world have added to reserves as economic growth slows, trade and geopolitical tensions rise, and authorities seek to diversify away from the dollar. Gold rallied to a six-year high in July, as expectations for lower U.S. interest rates and concerns about the economy boosted bullion’s appeal.

Spot gold edged lower Thursday, falling for a second day after the Federal Reserve signaled it probably won’t embark on a lengthy easing cycle. The metal declined 0.5% to $1,407.04 an ounce, paring this year’s gains to 9.7%.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Energy independence has afforded the USA the ability to be much more assertive on the geopolitical scene. The deployment of trade weapons, tariffs and sanctions etc is all the easier when you are no longer beholden to other countries for supply of a vital commodity. That necessarily results in a corresponding action from other countries which is to try and free themselves from their attachment to the Dollar. Building up gold reserves make sense from that perspective.



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August 07 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Tesla's big battery in South Australia is a "complete waste of resources," claims Nissan

This article by Simon Alvarez for Teslarati.com may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Thomas’ statement comes as he was discussing the new Leaf’s vehicle-to-grid/vehicle-to-home (V2G/V2H) system, which will allow the all-electric car to serve as a home battery unit. With the system in place, the Leaf will not only store energy by plugging into a home or business; the vehicle could also serve the energy back when needed. V2H is already in use in countries such as Japan, and a release in Australia is expected within six months. 

The Nissan executive noted that the Leaf’s V2G system has the potential to help homeowners save money, especially if the vehicle charges through a rooftop solar system during the day, and uses its stored energy to power appliances and lights at night. 

“The way we distribute and consume energy is fundamentally inefficient … what we need is flexibility in the system. It’s great that we’ve invested all this money in renewable energy, but fundamentally we’re wasting most of that energy because it’s all being generated in the middle of the day when we don’t really need it,” he said. 

Tim Washington, CEO of charging solutions provider Jetcharge, noted that Nissan V2H technology has a lot of potential, considering that vehicles spend much of their time just parked, or in the case of electric cars, plugged in. 

Eoin Treacy's view -

Tesla has battery manufacturing capacity so it produces batteries. Nissan produces cars so it is pushing a use case for cars to provide base load during periods of peak consumption.



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August 06 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 06 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

"Trappedâ"

Thanks to a subscriber for this report from Jeffrey Saut which may be of interest. Here is a section:

In 55 years of observing markets, we have NEVER seen such a downside capitulation as October 2008; and, we have believed we are in the biggest secular bull market of my lifetime!  This morning Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hau Chunving said, “China will not accept any kind of extreme exertion of pressure, intimidation or blackmail. Neither will China give in an inch on major issues of principle.  Now it's time for Washington to show sincerity and demonstrate to the world that the US is still a reliable partner that can carry out negotiations.”  And with that the renminbi is at decade lows versus most currencies.  Such action has the preopening S&P 500 futures off some 40-points . . . Good Grief!

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber;s Area.

This was the front page of the China Daily newspaper on the flight from Beijing to Guangzhou yesterday. The drop below CNY was normal currency activity, there is a clear need for peace to spontaneously break out in Hong Kong’s protests and apparently China is not avoiding US agricultural exports. This is just one more example of how the same news can be spun in a number of different ways.
 



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August 06 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Families Go Deep in Debt to Stay in the Middle Class

This article by AnnaMaria Andriotis, Ken Brown and Shane Shifflett for the Wall Street Journal may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Counting all kinds of debt, including mortgages, consumers aren’t nearly as debt-burdened as they once were. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the last year before the financial crisis struck, households devoted 13.2% of their disposable income to debt service. In the first quarter of 2019, that number was 9.9%, largely due to low interest rates.

Partly because of widespread refinancing, mortgage payments since the start of 2017 have claimed the smallest slice of disposable personal income in decades, in the low 4% range, according to Fed data.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Lifestyle creep hits most families. As soon as incomes increase people eat out more, buy more clothes, spoil the kids or indulge in more after school activities, buy a better car and move to a better neighbourhood. That all works out as long as incomes keep up with expectations. It is also why the throwaway remark “a recession is when your neighbour loses his job, a depression is when you lose yours” rings so true. Of course in today’s economy it might be more correct to state it’s a recession when your spouse loses their job and a depression when you both do.



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August 06 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Going down: Property prices cool as affordability bites

This article by Madeleine Lyons for the Irish Times may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Latest reports have highlighted a distinct slowdown in growth in the housing sector since the start of the year. Despite a clear need for more houses this is not converting to actual sales. In fact, price drops have become commonplace in the second-hand market, and sales of properties over €500,000 have shown a 21 per cent drop since the start of the year.

All of this points to an affordability issue for buyers, and a gradual market realisation that prices need to be adjusted accordingly. Add to this fears over Brexit and Central Bank mortgage lending restrictions and the slow 2 per cent growth in number of mortgage drawdowns in the first quarter begins to make sense. Compare this with growth rates in 2018 of about 20 per cent.

Meanwhile, the throughput of housing stock for sale is strong. “June and July have been unseasonably strong with the flow of stock coming through,” said Angela Keegan, managing director of property website MyHome.ie. “It’s possible people are more confident about the market because, remember, if they are selling they are buying too. We know interest rates are not going up in the near term and there are excellent fixed-rate mortgages available too.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Declining demand for higher priced homes suggests consumers and investors are trimming their expectations for continued economic strength. There is no country likely to do worse from a hard Brexit than Ireland.

It will be for historians to parse whether the backstop gambit was an historic mistake or a masterful stroke. Meanwhile the stock market is rolling over and the housing market is softening. That occurring against a background where interest rates are close to zero and the ECB is about to restart QE.



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August 05 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for August 5th 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: the renminbi''s devaluation, gold and cryptocurrencies bounds, emerging market currencies and stock markets pullback while bonds and the yen firm. Short-term oversold conditions are evident in a number of stock markets as they test their respective trend means. 
 



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August 05 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

China's Yuan Tumbles Past 7 Per Dollar for First Time Since 2008

This article by Tian Chen and Sofia Horta e Costa for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The yuan declined 0.9% in mainland trading last week, its biggest loss since mid-May, after President Donald Trump abruptly escalated the trade war with new tariffs on Chinese goods. Beijing pledged to respond if the U.S. goes ahead with a plan to impose a 10% tariff on a further $300 billion in Chinese
imports.

“It appears that the tariffs hike suggests the return of tit-for-tat moves and a suspension of trade talks, and the PBOC sees no need to keep the yuan stable in the near term,” said Ken Cheung, a senior currency strategist at Mizuho Bank Ltd. The tumble exacerbated losses in Asia’s financial markets.

Eoin Treacy's view -

China devalued its currency when the first round of tariffs was imposed and it is doing so again now that tariffs have been imposed on all of its exports to the USA. The Renminbi broke below CNY 7 today and that represents the reassertion of its bearish trend.

The devaluation of the currency below CNY7 is a major change of policy for China and it greatly increases potential for capital flight. That is the one thing China cannot afford to allow. The entire rationale for supporting the economy, and ensuring the ability to manage systemic risk in the nonperforming loans sector, is based on the trillions in deposits sitting in the banking and post office systems



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August 05 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

The Top Miners Are Split on How to Chase the EV Battery Boom

This article by David Stringer for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

“We did a review of all the battery input materials -- nickel, cobalt, lithium,” said Eduard Haegel, asset president at the BHP’s Nickel West unit. “We think that in the medium-to-longer term there will be a margin that will be sticky for nickel -- we think it’s an attractive commodity.”

BHP, the biggest miner, this year reversed long-term efforts to seek a buyer for the division, opting to retain Nickel West to benefit from forecast growth in lithium-ion batteries and a scarcity of high-quality nickel supply. From the second quarter of 2020, the unit will begin production of bright-turquoise colored nickel sulphate -- a premium raw material for the battery supply chain -- from a nickel refinery south of Perth, with plans to potentially carry out the industry’s largest expansion.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Every auto manufacturer is going to have electric vehicle offerings in the next 18 months. That is going to create a lot of demand for batteries and the commodities that comprise the anode, cathode, catalysts and electrolyte.



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August 05 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

JAXA releases footage of Hayabusa 2 spacecraft's second asteroid touchdown

This article by  Anthony Wood for NewAtlas may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has released a video showing the climactic moments of the Hayabusa 2 spacecraft's second descent to the surface of asteroid Ryugu. The goal of the risky operation was to capture newly exposed material from the asteroid's interior, which had been forcefully ejected during the creation of an artificial crater on Ryugu's surface in early April.

The footage of the second dive was captured on July 11, 2019 by Hayabusa 2's publicly-funded onboard small monitor camera (CAM-H). The playback is at 10x actual speed, and shows the spacecraft's final descent to the surface, which occurred between 10:03:54 – 10:11:44 JST.

Eoin Treacy's view -

There has been a lot of speculation over the last twenty years about when asteroid mining might become a reality. This is the first example of the thesis in action. While the program is research-oriented, and only interested in collecting small samples, it is a proof of concept which takes the sector from the fanciful to the possible. Considering the pace of innovation in space technology it is no exaggeration that we may see commercial asteroid mining within the decade.



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August 02 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

August 02 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Germany's Whole Yield Curve Dives Below 0% for the First Time

This article by John Ainger for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The move will add to fears that the region’s economic slowdown is being driven by more structural factors akin to Japan’s “lost decade.” Germany’s bond market is widely perceived as being one of the world’s safest, with investors lured in by the liquidity and credit quality offered. Funds still looking to extract a positive return from European sovereign assets have been forced further out the yield curve or into riskier debt markets such as Italy.

“It underlines that the hunt for yield, or rather hunt to avoid negative yields, is accelerating day by day,” said Arne Lohmann Rasmussen, head of fixed-income research at Danske Bank A/S. “It just makes things more complicated.”

Yields on 30-year bunds fell almost 10 basis points to -0.002%. Those on 10-year securities dropped five basis points to -0.50%, also a record low and below the European Central Bank’s -0.40% deposit rate.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Investors are paying the German and Swiss governments to take their money at every maturity and in Japan out to 15-year maturities. Bond investors have concluded the only possible way to manage the debts and unfunded liabilities that have built up over decades is with money printing. That will be facilitated by central banks buying the newly minted bonds and that contributes to the momentum move. The victims are currencies which is why gold is rallying.



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August 02 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Downside Key Reversals

Eoin Treacy's view -

A downside key day reversal is defined by a move to a new intraday high which is subsequently reversed, so that the market closes at a low below that of the previous day. The key characteristic of the key reversal is size. In order for the signal to have an emotional impact on the market it needs to stand out on the chart so anyone looking at it concludes something big happened on that date. Weekly key reversals are often more important to investor psychology but the size rule is equally important. Downside follow through on the signal in the following days of week is a confirmatory sign of a change of direction.



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August 02 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Japan-South Korea Feud Boils Over Amid Trade Actions, Protests

This article by Isabel Reynolds and Sam Kim for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

South Korean President Moon Jae-in called Japan “reckless” in a national address Friday and his country planned to cross its neighbor off a preferred-trade list. The move came hours after Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s cabinet removed South Korea from its list of trusted export destinations.

U.S. Secretary of State Michael Pompeo met his counterparts from both countries Friday, but the dispute, which simmered for months as the Trump administration sat on the sidelines, looks set to worsen amid protests, boycotts and economic warnings. “By bringing economic sanctions, they’ve really escalated it to another level,” said Robert Dujarric, director of the Institute of Contemporary Asian Studies, Temple University, Japan. “This isn’t going to make South Korea cave in. If anything, it heightens South Korean nationalism. It makes it harder to de-escalate and harder to have a ‘united front’
against China.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Japan and South Korea compete in many of the same export markets and their rivalry had previously been contained by the global trade network but the historical enmity between the two countries is never far from the surface. The advent of trade wars, mercantilist competition and shifting loyalties is introducing a degree of uncertainty in the region that hasn’t been seen in decades.



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August 01 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video Commentary for August 1st 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: President Trump imposes additional tariffs. Treasuries breakout out, gold firms, silver recoups losses, Stocks pull back, copper and oil weak, strong likelihood of additional easing following this development, high yield spread remain contained. 



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August 01 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Trump Ratchets Up Trade War With New China Tariffs

This article by Alex Wayne for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

President Donald Trump abruptly escalated his trade war with China, announcing that he would impose a 10% tariff on $300 billion in Chinese imports that aren’t yet subject to U.S. duties.

The new tariff will be imposed beginning Sept. 1, Trump said in a tweet Thursday that broke a tentative trade cease-fire between the world’s two biggest economies. The 25% tariff already imposed on $250 billion in Chinese goods will remain in place, he said.

A draft list of $300 billion worth of targets published by the Trump administration in May included a raft of consumer and technology goods, including most of Apple Inc.’s major products such the IPhone, along with toys, footwear and clothing. The final list hasn’t yet been released.

“These are the tariffs on many of the consumer goods that were spared in the previous tariff rounds,” said Neil Dutta, head of economics at Renaissance Macro Research in New York, in a note. “This is a small hit to growth but will likely be more obvious to consumers. Keep in mind that margins have come in somewhat already, not sure firms can simply eat the cost.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Jay Powell’s statement yesterday that the cut to interest rates was more of a mid-cycle insurance cut than a response to the end of the credit cycle led to some unwinding of bets on a 50-basis point but. As the news was digested this morning the majority of markets were in positive territory and at one point has almost completely unwound yesterday’s decline. That was until President Trump announced additional tariffs. That is going to set off a scramble for inventory ahead of the busy fourth quarter retail period.



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August 01 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Negative-Yield World Lures Central Bankers to Canada Muni Market

This article by Esteban Duarte and Paula Sambo for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The fact that foreign money managers are delving into Canadian municipal bonds -- which account for just 1% of trading in the country’s C$2 trillion public sector fixed-income market -- is a testament to how hungry they’ve become for high quality, higher-paying assets in a world where at least $13.8 trillion of debt is now in negative-yield territory. Throw in the fact Canada has given little indication it will follow the global move toward easier monetary policy, and the market is fast becoming a magnet for sophisticated investors seeking to boost returns.

“If you’re sitting in the Middle East, Asia or Europe and you’ve got all this negative yielding debt, it makes a lot of sense to look for the hidden gems such as these excellent quality municipals,” said Avi Hooper, a portfolio manager at Invesco, which has $1.2 trillion under management, including bonds issued by the city of Montreal. “One has always to be careful with the liquidity of course. Big institutional investors are not going to get involved with $50 million deals.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

The paradox of the bond markets is the biggest debtors tend to have the most liquid bonds. Better credits don’t tend to borrow as much and therefore tend to have less liquid issues. Ahead of the credit crisis companies like General Motors and Hypovereinsbank had their own yield curves because they had outstanding debt at every maturity that was highly liquid. At the time no one seemed to pay much attention to the fact that they had so much debt it represented a threat to repayment of principal.



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August 01 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Your Next iPhone Might Be Made in Vietnam. Thank the Trade War

This article by Raymond Zhong for the New York Times may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Samsung has since closed all but one of its smartphone plants in China. It now assembles around half of the handsets it sells worldwide in Vietnam. Samsung’s subsidiaries in the country, which employ around 100,000 people, accounted for nearly a third of the company’s $220 billion in sales last year.

A Samsung spokeswoman said about 90 percent of those sales involved goods shipped from Vietnam to other countries. That implies Samsung alone accounted for a quarter of Vietnam’s exports in 2018, although even that might not fully capture the company’s effect on the wider economy. Samsung’s success in Vietnam helped convince many of its South Korean suppliers that they needed to be here, too.

“When you are a big company and you move to a place, everything follows you,” said Filippo Bortoletti, the deputy manager in Hanoi at the business advisory firm Dezan Shira.

Some Vietnamese business owners say the blessings are mixed, though. Foreign giants, they say, come to Vietnam and work largely with vendors they already use elsewhere, leaving little room in their supply chains for local upstarts.

Samsung has 35 Vietnamese suppliers, the spokeswoman said. Apple declined to comment.

When Samsung first set up in the country, it bought some of the metal fixtures used on its assembly lines from a local firm, Vietnam Precision Mechanical Service & Trading, or VPMS. But then more of Samsung’s South Korean partners started coming into the country, and after a year, Samsung and VPMS stopped working together, said Nguyen Xuan Hoang, one of the Vietnamese company’s founders.

Price and quality were not the issue, Mr. Hoang said, over the hissing and clanging of machinery at his factory near Bac Ninh. The problem was scale: Samsung needed many more fixtures than VPMS could deliver.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The sheer scale of China’s manufacturing operations is not going to be easily repeated elsewhere. However, no one ever thought China would achieve the manufacturing might it now possesses either. The history of major manufacturing hubs is they evolve where labour, land, transportation and electricity are cheapest and where the tax and regulations are most lax.



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July 31 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for July 31st 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: kneejerk reaction to Fed cut led to a pause in stocks. bonds steady, Dollar firm, precious metals ease. The end of quantitative tightening and commitment to do what is necessary suggest ample liquidity going forward. 



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July 31 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day - on lead indicators in this cycle:

Hope all is well.

 I had a question about the comment you made at the end of your video today. You mentioned that the indicator that we should focus on which will lead to this current cycle unwinding is Private equity and the success of their investments, plus on government debt and the deficits they are building.

Are you able to expand on what we can track (tangibly) for these 2 issues?

Thanks v much

Eoin Treacy's view -

Thank you for this question. I am very conscious of the temptation of generals to always be fighting the last war. In 2005 and 2006 there was some talk of a housing bubble in the USA but few people understood just how massive the liar loans problem was. Consumers had become extraordinarily overleveraged. As interest rates ground higher the first signs of trouble appeared in the underperformance of banks, rising credit card delinquencies and the collapse of leveraged hedge funds at major investment banks. The big question we need to ask is whether it will be these factors which are most relevant in this cycle?

Let’s think about the economy as made up of consumers, corporations and the government. After a decade of extraordinary monetary policy total debt has gone up but the US consumer has been de-levered while corporations and the government have seen their debt loads balloon.



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July 30 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for July 30th 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: Wall Street quiet ahead of the Fed decision, precious metals steady, Europe weak and led lower by banks, Hong Kong at risk if China intervenes to stamp out the protests. Bond yield continue to compress, Dollar eases.



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July 30 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

A Generational Change at the Fed

Thanks to a subscriber for this note by Tony Dwyer at Canaccord Genuity. Here is a section:

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area.

The global economy has slowed meaningfully, Germany is flirting with a recession and China’s economy is suffering from the trade war. All other factors being equal it would be very hard for the Fed to continue to raise rates against that background. The upward pressure that would put on the Dollar would unwind any relative strength argument that is supporting the USA’s growth differential. Therefore, the Fed is at the top of the interest rate cycle and regardless of whether they cut by 25 or 50 basis points tomorrow, a new trend of cuts rather than hikes is emerging.



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July 30 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day on a physical silver shortage

You can't make this stuff up!!!

Once per month, I have been purchasing a roll of 20 silver eagles from a major ebay company.

on July 22, I purchased a roll of eagles. When I received NO email saying it was sent (with a tracking #}, I called up the company on 7/27.stating that if I did not hear from them by 7/28, I would file a complaint with PayPal [no one answered; went to voicemail]. On Sunday, I filed the complaint. TODAY, PAYPAL WROTE ME THAT THE COMPANY WILL REFUND MY PAYMENT!!!

One thing is obvious-THEY CANNOT GET SILVER EAGLES!!!!!!

YESTERDAY, I WENT TO A LOCAL COIN SHOW- NO ONE WAS SELLING SILVER EAGLES; IN THE PAST MANY ROLLS OF EAGLES WERE AVAILABLE.

MY CONCLUSION, I AM LOADING UP ON AGQ, THE 2X SILVER ETF,

Eoin Treacy's view -

This is a very compelling argument but I made a couple of calls around the local coin shops and found no evidence of a shortage of rolls of silver eagles. The most common price was $18.20 per coin for a roll of 20 and every shop I called had at least 10 rolls. That does not exactly gel with the story of limited supply above so what is going on?



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July 30 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

China: We Won't Use Nuclear Weapons First in a War

This article by David Axe for the NationalInterest.org may be of interest. Here is a section:

China has reaffirmed its policy of never being the first in a conflict to use nuclear weapons. Experts refer to this policy as “no first use,” or NFU.

The NFU policy reaffirmation, contained in Beijing’s July 2019 strategic white paper, surprised some observers who expected a more expansive and aggressive nuclear posture from the rising power.

Eoin Treacy's view -

One has to question why this statement was made now? One possible interpretation is China is stating its position in order to lay the groundwork for what it anticipates is going to be a difficult geopolitical environment in the near future.



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July 30 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Musings From The Oil Patch July 30th 2019

Thanks to a subscriber for this edition of Allen Brooks’ ever-interesting report for PPHB. Here is a section:

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to the full report is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Autonomous vehicles represent the marriage of hardware and software but perhaps more importantly the transition of the automotive industry from the industrial to the consumer electronics sector. Electric vehicles have a lot fewer parts, are a lot easier to manufacture and the cosmetic features are mostly about fit and click rather than precision welding. That’s the primary challenge facing legacy automotive companies. Coupled with slowing economic growth the sector remains under pressure.



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July 29 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

July 29 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Johnson 'Confident' of Deal as Pound Falls

This summary of today’s events by Kitty Donaldson and Jessica Shankleman for Bloomberg may be of interest. Here is a section:

The pound fell more than 1% against the dollar to its lowest level since 2017 on fears of a no-deal Brexit. But Johnson insisted a deal was possible.

"We’re very confident, with goodwill on both sides, two mature political entities, the U.K. and EU, can get this done,” Johnson told a TV crew during his trip to Scotland. "It’s responsible for any government to prepare for a no deal if we absolutely have to. That’s the message I’ve been getting across to our European friends. I’m very confident we’ll get there.’’

The key point for the EU to understand is that the backstop is "dead," along with Theresa May’s withdrawal agreement, but there is "scope to do a new deal." Johnson said the U.K. government is talking to Irish government on Monday, to set out "the limits" and aims for a new deal.

And

Conservative Member of Parliament Oliver Letwin, part of a rebel group that includes some Labour MPs seeking to stop a no-deal Brexit, said his colleagues could find a way to amend legislation to prevent the U.K. leaving with no divorce agreement.

“The mechanical problems we can overcome,” Letwin told BBC radio. “The difficult thing is to get a majority in Parliament for some other course of action at the last moment if there isn’t a deal.” Letwin said there is a “natural majority” of parliamentarians against a no-deal Brexit, but whether they would vote to block it would remain unknown “right up until the last moment.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Investors are pricing in the escalation of brinksmanship between the UK and EU. The UK negotiating team has no choice but to amp up preparations for a hard exit because to do anything else would be to harm the façade they are trying to create of a clear intention to leave. Of course, they might be serious, but if the machinations of parliament tell us anything, it is all well and good to have strong convictions but you still need a majority to push it through the Commons.



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July 29 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Foreigners Sell Rand Assets at Record Pace as Eskom Woes Mount

This article by Paul Wallace for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Fitch Ratings Ltd. followed on Friday by cutting its outlook for Africa’s most industrialized economy to negative. JPMorgan Chase & Co. said the same day that a rally in the rand since the start of June was more to do with a supportive global environment than improvements in conditions locally.

“We now believe levels are stretched enough to enter outright rand shorts,” JPMorgan analysts including London-based Anezka Christovova and Robert Habib in New York said in a note. “South Africa’s fundamental picture remains very challenging with a ballooning fiscal deficit and structurally low growth.”

Citigroup Inc. recommended to clients on Monday that they short the rand against the Turkish lira. The Wall Street bank’s analysts see the latter strengthening about 7% versus the South African currency over the next three months.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The mismanagement of utilities in emerging markets whether in South Africa or Venezuela is often one of the most apparent signs of low or deteriorating standards of governance. Utilities provide essential services but are mostly state run, they have reliable cashflows and the cost of upkeeping vital pieces of infrastructure can be delayed for years without apparent loss of service. That makes them perfect candidates for political rent seeking or theft.



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July 29 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Goldman Says Asia's Trade Slump Is Showing Signs of Bottoming

This article by Enda Curran for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here it is in full:

There are signs that Asia’s export slump is bottoming out. That’s according to Goldman Sachs Group Inc. economists who highlight a substantial pick up in exports to the U.S. from Asian economies including Taiwan, Vietnam and India that’s effectively canceling out the fall in shipments from China.
 
“Initial shocks from the trade war might be behind us, with Asian exports to China recovering and tech exports catching up with stable non-tech exports,” Goldman economists led by Andrew Tilton wrote in a note. “Also, a rebound in the Asian trade cycle seems overdue, with Asian exports undershooting trade partners’ activity growth and the current downturn being sustained longer than past cycles.”

Chinese and American trade negotiators meet again in Shanghai this week for the first round of meetings between both sides since talks broke down in May.

Even if trade tensions escalate, an expected wave of supportive measures from governments and central banks to underpin economic growth will aid the trade recovery, Goldman argues. The Federal Reserve is tipped to cut interest rates this week for the first time in a decade.

For sure, additional U.S. tariffs on Chinese goods would have an impact. “Our view is, however, that the escalation would likely be temporary ahead of an eventual trade agreement, and potential damages could be mitigated by ongoing shifts in supply chains,”

Goldman’s economists wrote. “In the event of further escalation in the trade tensions beyond our baseline, Asian trade may undergo another downturn which, if sustained for the coming year, could make the current downcycle the longest since the 1990s.”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Is global growth troughing? That is one of the biggest questions for investors right now. There is no doubt that slowdown risks have been a major factor in investor sentiment over the last year and that has prompted a massive response from both governments and central banks and is a good part of the reason nearly $14 trillion in bonds are trading with negative yields.



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July 26 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

July 26 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Mega-Merger Hurdles Hit Profit at World's Largest Gold Miner

This article by Danielle Bochove for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Newmont now expects consolidated production of 165,000 ounces of gold from Penasquito in 2019. Last year, the mine produced 272,000 ounces of gold for Goldcorp. Newmont is forecasting zero production at Musselwhite this year and doesn’t expect the mine to be fully operational until mid-2020. In 2018, it produced 205,000 ounces of gold.

The company said its full-year gold production will be 6.5 million ounces, which compares with a June forecast for 7 million ounces in 2019 and 7.4 million in 2020. The company is “very confident” it can achieve that guidance, Palmer said, noting that guidance for next year will be provided in December.

The lack of clarity about next year could worry investors, Anita Soni, an analyst with CIBC World Markets, said in a research note. “No further 2020 outlook was provided, which will likely be an overhang on the stock given the uncertainty surrounding the production profile for the recently acquired Goldcorp assets,” she said.

Eoin Treacy's view -

From a risk-adjusted perspective buying a producing mine, with well-understood resources is more favourable than committing to building a mine and contributing to proofing up reserves. That is what we are seeing from the gold mining sector at present. Major miners would rather merge than engage in speculative activity. It is that kind of conservative approach to managing mining operations that contributes to value creation. It’s when appetite for borrowing, investment and speculation increase that investors need to be particularly wary.



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July 26 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Vodafone Towers Plan Seen Clearing Path For Shares: Street Wrap

This article by Kit Rees and Thomas Seal for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

DEUTSCHE BANK (Robert Grindle, buy, PT 240p)
* Dividend payout, which was one major obstacle to a share price recovery, has now been de-risked
* “An outlook for improving top-line growth, FCF accretion due to M&A and the first monetization of European towers by Vodafone, should augur a material change in share price momentum”

GOLDMAN SACHS (Andrew Lee, no rating)
* 1Q results and announcement of TowerCo spin-out should provide “meaningful reassurance” to key investor concerns
* The beat on 1Q organic service revenue growth suggests 4Q19 was a trough and could encourage hopes for a return to top-line growth
* “While potentially splitting out towers may have the consequence of reducing the remainder of Vodafone Group growth and FCF visibility, management action to resolve its debt position is positive in our view”

Eoin Treacy's view -

Infrastructure plays with reliable cashflows from telecoms companies have been one of the most popular avenues for playing the rollout of 4G in recent years. The success of American Tower has resulted in a significant number of copycat operations divestments springing up all over the world. As 5G is rolled out there is scope for additional infrastructure plays. 5G requires a lot more transmitters, a lot closer together than conventional 4G and will sit on top of the existing structure to ensure constant connection while on the move.



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July 26 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Starbucks Looks Like Its Old Self Again as Brisk Growth Returns

This article by Leslie Patton and Anne Riley Moffat for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The strong report comes one year after longtime leader Howard Schultz retired from the chairman’s job and left the company, putting decision-making squarely in the hands of Chief Executive Officer Kevin Johnson, who’d been in the post for about a year at that point. Johnson got right to work, bringing life back to an aging brand that had started to lose its cachet among the hipper, smaller chains sprouting up in its shadow.

His playbook included closing underperforming locations in densely penetrated U.S. markets, turning over some foreign regions to licensees and revamping the chain’s loyalty program. He has also expanded food offerings to compete with trendy salad shops and found ways to launch the new drinks that Gen Z and millennial customers want, like Nitro cold brew and high-protein offerings, in as little as 100 days. In the past that may have taken up to 18 months.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The strong performance of Starbucks, McDonalds and Beyond Meat highlight the fact that small changes to menus which gel with consumer demand can have an outsized impact on results as customers re-engage with the brand. Whether that is protein-infuse drinks at Starbucks, better breakfasts at McDonalds or vegetarian offerings at fast food restaurants, these new product offerings have revitalised interest and highlight the strong cashflows of consumer- oriented companies.



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July 25 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for July 25th 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video commentary is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed include: megacap earnings mixed, short=term consolidation likely, highly leveraged companies rolling over but additional rounds of both monetary and fiscal stimulus lining up. Subscription business model continues to outperform. 



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July 25 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Draghi Urges "Significant" Fiscal Response to an Economic Slump

This article by Catherine Bosley and Jill Ward for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

and Jill Ward for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Despite years of exceptional ECB support, the euro-area economy is in the throes of a slowdown in growth and inflation remains weak. In Germany, typically the region’s stalwart, manufacturing is mired in a slump as trade tensions weigh on exports and auto factories struggle to cope with changes in the industry.

With borrowing costs at historic lows, Draghi has repeatedly stressed the need for structural reforms, and he reiterated that call at a press conference in Frankfurt on Thursday.

“Monetary policy has done a lot to support the euro area and continues to do a lot,” he said. “If there were to be a significant worsening in the euro-zone economy, it’s unquestionable that fiscal policy, a significant fiscal policy, becomes of the essence.”

Just before Draghi spoke, German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz brushed off warning signals for Europe’s largest economy, saying the government has no concrete plans to spur economic growth.

“We are not in a situation that makes it necessary or wise to act as if we were in a crisis, we are not,” he said in an interview with Bloomberg Television.

Eoin Treacy's view -

There was a little “sell the rumour to buy the news” evident in Euro trading this morning. The rally did not hold through the close and looks like little more than some steadying in the region of the previous lows.



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July 25 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

RBA Chief Says He's Ready to Ease Again, Sees Rates Staying Low

This article by Michael Heath for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

“But if demand growth is not sufficient, the board is prepared to provide additional support by easing monetary policy further,” he said. “Whether or not further monetary easing is needed, it is reasonable to expect an extended period of low interest rates. On current projections, it will be some time before inflation is comfortably back within the target range.”

Lowe’s speech, which made the case for maintaining the RBA’s current policy framework despite prolonged low inflation, was his most explicit that further easing remains on the table. The Reserve Bank cut rates in June and July to a record low of 1% and signaled at the time that it would wait to see how the easing filtered through the economy.

Since then, consumer confidence has actually fallen and the currency has risen -- the latter due to an easing bias among major central banks -- in contrast to RBA’s hopes. Indeed, the Federal Reserve is expected to cut as soon as next week. Westpac Banking Corp. Chief Economist Bill Evans on Wednesday predicted Lowe and co. would cut in October and February to push the cash rate to 0.5%.
 

Eoin Treacy's view -

Australia’s administration is attempting to forestall the decline in domestic property prices by cutting interest rates, embarking on an aggressive fiscal stimulus and implementing direct supports for the property market.



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July 25 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

The Hottest Phones for the Next Billion Users Aren't Smartphones

This article by Newley Purnell for The Wall Street Journal may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Millions of first-time internet consumers from the Ivory Coast to India and Indonesia are connecting to the web on a new breed of device that only costs about $25. The gadgets look like the inexpensive NokiaCorp. phones that were big about two decades ago. But these hybrid phones, fueled by inexpensive mobile data, provide some basic apps and internet access in addition to calling and texting.

Smart feature phones, as they are known, are one of the mobile-phone industry’s fastest-growing and least-known segments, providing a simple way for some of the world’s poorest people to enter the internet economy.

While global smartphone sales began sliding last year as markets became saturated, smart feature phone shipments tripled to around 75 million from 2017, according to research firm Counterpoint. Some 84 million are likely to be shipped this year.

Eoin Treacy's view -

Phones are an example of enabling technology. Delivering internet access to the masses, primarily in frontier and emerging markets, opens up growth potential for the companies delivering services through these devices. Considering the market penetration companies like Google and Facebook already have, reaching the last couple of billion potential users has to be high on their list of priorities.



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July 25 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Evaluating US Nuclear Competitiveness and its Future as a Carbon-Free Clean Energy Source

Thanks to a Keith Rabin for this interview of Dr.Robert F.Ichord. Here is a section:

Both Russia and China are strongly committed to domestic nuclear development, international nuclear power exports, and the development of small modular reactors (SMR) and advanced nuclear reactors. Russia is building seven third–generation VVER–1200 reactors domestically and over twenty internationally. China is building domestically about eleven indigenous units, not including the Russia VVERs, the French EPRs or the recently completed US AP–1000s. They have two reactors of the Hualong One design under construction in Pakistan near Karachi and one planned at Chasma, the site of older, smaller Chinese reactors. They are also pursuing deals in the UK, Romania and Argentina as well as Bulgaria and several other countries. These strong state–financed commitments create the domestic and industrial capabilities needed for future innovation as well as to establish long–term political and economic relationships with countries of strategic interest. US historical influence over international standards and regulatory system development is therefore being challenged as well as US overall foreign policy interests in democracy and open markets. South Korean and Japanese companies are also international competitors but remain long–time US collaborators.

According to the World Nuclear Association about 30 countries are considering, planning or starting nuclear power programs. These range from sophisticated economies to developing nations. Is nuclear a viable option for emerging and frontier economies and how does installation and utilization differ in these locations from developed economies in terms of safety, non–proliferation as well as political stability, environmental and regulatory standards, supporting infrastructure and other factors?

I believe there is a major shift occurring in the global nuclear industry from the industrial countries to the non–OECD countries. Most of future global electricity growth will be in these countries and they want to diversify and develop cleaner energy systems. Despite the huge upfront costs, countries are deciding to accept attractive Russian and Chinese financing for these large, multi–billion dollar units. There is the national pride involved from joining the “nuclear club' as well as possible corruption in certain cases. Russia also offers military equipment as well as full fuel and operating services in its strategy to expand influence. Although both Russia and China have significant training efforts to develop local capacities, overall governance and transparency in a number of these countries is weak and the commitment to competent Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)–like regulatory institutions is questionable. Although most of the countries have signed the Non–Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Additional Protocol, the introduction of current nuclear power technologies in countries and regions – in which there are significant tensions and political conflicts, e.g. Middle East – raises serious concerns for US foreign policy.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The mining investment cycle of the early part of this century delivered on additional supply capacity. While the building plans for new reactors are impressive, they have been slowed by the Fukushima disaster and competition from other energy sources. That has resulted in quite a bit of volatility for uranium miners.



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July 24 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for July 24th 2019

July 24 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Five Reasons to Oppose the Budget Deal

This article from crfb.org may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The proposed budget deal would lift spending caps for the next two years by a combined $320 billion, which over the next decade will result in $1.7 trillion of additional projected debt. Negotiators explicitly chose not to extend the Budget Control Act (BCA) caps, which will expire in 2021. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) will thus assume discretionary spending rises with inflation after 2021 in its baseline, leading to roughly $1.5 trillion more of outlays through 2029. Netting interest and offsets brings the total cost to $1.7 trillion.

2. The Budget Deal Would Cost Nearly As Much As the Tax Cuts

While we and many others have decried the cost of the unpaid-for 2017 tax law, passing this deal would enshrine nearly as much debt as the tax cuts did. According to CBO, the 2017 tax law will cost $1.9 trillion over a decade, including the dynamic effects from economic growth and interest. We project that the proposed budget deal will enshrine $1.7 trillion of debt over a decade, including interest. As a result, lawmakers will have added almost as much to the debt with this round of spending increases as they did with tax cuts.

Eoin Treacy's view -

This is what Modern Monetary Theory looks like. They don’t ring a bell when slipping through trillions of additional spending, but the effect is the same. It is never really that much of a hurdle to get politicians to spend more. The question is only ever over what to spend the money on. Admittedly, they do occasionally adopt a posture of fiscal probity but it never lasts very long and the debt totals just continue to increase. The big point is this deal to increase spending received cross party support and is a foretaste of what the next US administration plans regardless of hue.



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July 24 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Euro Area's Economic Struggles Persist as Industry Slump Deepens

This article by Carolynn Look for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribes. Here is a section:

The 19-nation currency bloc has been stuck in an economic rut for more than a year amid a number of headwinds, and European Central Bank policy makers are already laying the groundwork for fresh monetary support. Economists expect the institution to signal an interest-rate cut this Thursday, and then follow through with action in September.

“With growth slowing, job creation fading and price pressures having fallen markedly compared to earlier in the year, the survey will give added impetus to calls for more aggressive stimulus from the ECB,” Williamson added.

According to IHS Markit, the region’s more domestically focused services sector remained the main driver of expansion in July, though weaker hiring trends are slowing its rate of growth. Germany, the largest economy in the bloc, has been “especially hard hit by the manufacturing and autos-sector downturns”, and may see total output contracting marginally in the third quarter.

Eoin Treacy's view -

The ECB ended its quantitative easing program at the beginning of the year in a vane attempt to try and begin to normalize policy. The bloc’s economy is nowhere near ready for that kind of change and everyone remembers the deflationary effect the last withdrawal of accommodation had. It appears only a matter of time before the ECB engages in additional quantitative easing.



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July 24 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Johnson;s Acerbic Brexit Mastermind Wants a Political Revolution

This article by Joe Mayes for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Since the referendum, he has retreated from public politics, offering only the occasional blog post, often thousands of words long, setting out his views about government, technology and educational systems, but especially on why he believed the government was making a mess of Brexit.

His tone was often contemptuous: Brexit Secretary David Davis was “thick as mince, lazy as a toad and vain as Narcissus.” Pro-Brexit MPs were “useful idiots” who spent their time “spouting gibberish.”

In 2018 he described Theresa May’s approach to Brexit as a “surrender” and said that Article 50 -- the divorce process with the EU -- was triggered too early, akin to “putting a gun in your mouth and pulling the trigger.’’ He said the success of Brexit won’t be known for decades, and tweeted in 2017 that there are “possible branches of the future’’ where leaving will have been an error.

Cummings’s main thesis is that Britain’s system of government is “systematically dysfunctional” and designed to keep the U.K. as closely tied to the EU as possible. He’s called for a radical shake-up of Whitehall, saying Brexit cannot be delivered without it.

Eoin Treacy's view -

As I’ve said on many occasions before, the only way to negotiate is to project a credible argument that you are willing to walk away if you do not get what you want. In a two-way negotiation, where the opposing party believes they have a superior position, it is the only price discovery tactic that has any hope of working. It finally appears the UK administration has got the message.



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July 24 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

July 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video Commentary for July 23rd 2019

July 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Record $100 Billion Buyback Proves Strategy to Beat U.S. Stocks

This article by Ksenia Galouchko for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

European companies’ equity buybacks have surged to a record $100 billion over the past 12 months, with the strategy of betting on those firms beating returns from U.S. counterparts over the past five years, according to Morgan Stanley. The strategy is also rewarding company stocks more than the payment of high dividends, according to the bank.

“This is the first time we have seen strong buyback performance outside of bear markets or recessions,” strategists led by Graham Secker wrote in a note Tuesday. “More striking, our net buyback factor has shown much greater efficacy in Europe than the U.S. over all time frames.”

One of the reasons European stock repurchasers are faring better is that the practice is less common in the region than among American firms, said the strategists. Buying back equity can provide a much-needed boost to the world’s most-shorted equities, which have been seeing almost non-stop outflows for more than a year amid sluggish economic growth and political uncertainty. Doing so should boost earnings growth, trading liquidity and demand for shares, Morgan Stanley wrote.

Eoin Treacy's view -

European shares are trading at lower valuations than US shares so stock buybacks should have a positive impact simply because of the base effect. However, $100 billion is not all that much in comparison to what US companies are spending. Clear signaling from European corporations that they are willing to step in to support the value of their shares is probably going to be required to change perceptions.



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July 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day on the trend mean:

Is 'trend mean' one static measurement tool like 200-day moving average or does it depend on the chart? I often see you use a 200-week moving average when referencing trend mean but often times it is another time frame. Can you clarify?

And

You have been spot on, on the direction of gold bullion. Well done. Have been enjoying the service.

Just one question, if you will: What is the rationale behind the ‘’trend mean’’ which you use on your weekly charts?

Eoin Treacy's view -

There have been a couple of questions relating to the use of a trend mean over the last week so I thought I had better clear up any misunderstanding. We use the 200-day MA as a trend mean because it is a handy average of the prevailing price over the last year.

Rather than think of the trend mean as offering a sacrosanct level of support and resistance we use it more as a way of eyeballing just how overextended a market is. It is reasonable to expect that even in a consistently trending environment there will be occasions when prices have risen a bit quicker than usual. That increases potential for a reversion back towards the mean.

Markets tend to overshoot in both directions so it is quite normal for prices to bob around the trend mean as they find support. That is why we talk about the price find support or encountering resistance in the region of the trend mean.

In the Chart Library we only use days in calculation so a 40-week average in some services will always be a 200-day MA in our service.



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July 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Europe Bank Earnings to Offer Peek Into Negative-Rate Abyss

This article by Nicholas Comfort for Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The second quarter will probably provide more evidence how damaging zero or negative rates are for an industry that at its core depends on clients paying to borrow money. Revenue at eight of Europe’s top lenders is set to decline 2.7% on average from a year earlier, according to filings and analyst estimates. That compares with a 0.5% gain for the top U.S. peers, many of which still managed to post record earnings after nine interest rate increases by the Federal Reserve since late 2015.

“The focus for European banks is really on revenue,” said Jonathan Tyce, an analyst at Bloomberg Intelligence. “Rates are set to go down, which means lower loan loss provisions, but that doesn’t make up for the loss in revenue. All this keeps bringing you back to costs.”

And here is a section on Deutsche Bank

Deutsche Bank (July 24) unveiled its biggest overhaul in decades this month, including a plan to exit its underperforming stock trading business. The move was partly driven by low interest rates and the company now assumes that European short-term rates will rise to just 0% in 2021. Deutsche Bank also offered insight into second-quarter earnings with a 5.9% slide in revenue. Costs and profit figures fell short of expectations, even before the bank said it expects 3 billion euros of restructuring charges in the period. Deutsche Bank says about 75% of the investment banking businesses it wants to keep will have a top five market position, and the release this week will 

Eoin Treacy's view -

The basic business model of banks, borrowing short-term to lend long-term, doesn’t work if there is no spread. It is complicated by negative deposit rates which see banks pay a fee to sustain Tier 1 capital ratios. The most LTRO program was paltry in comparison to the previous one and therefore represented a tightening of credit conditions for European banks.  This week’s earnings announcements will give us some insight into how they are faring.



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July 23 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

The enduring link between demography and inflation

This report by Mikael Juselius and Előd Takáts for the Bank of International Settlements may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

Our paper builds on recent empirical work. Focusing exclusively on ageing, Anderson et al (2014), Yoon et al (2014) and Bobeica et al (2017) find significant deflationary effects from an increasing share of older population cohorts. Juselius and Takáts (2015) and Aksoy et al (2015) take the age structure more fully into account and find that an increase in the number of dependants, young and old, is generally inflationary. Juselius and Takáts (2015) also show that the deflationary effects of ageing found in previous studies are driven primarily by the very old (80+ year old) cohort. A common feature of these studies, as noted above, is that they rely exclusively on post-war data, which makes it difficult to separate the age structure effect in inflation from other global secular factors that may be related to trend inflation.

The uncovered link is policy-relevant, because global ageing will substantially increase the share of the old-age population in almost all countries (eg Goodhart et al (2015)). Increased longevity and stagnant or declining birth rates will affect both advanced and emerging economies. While slow, such large-scale demographic shifts have the potential to materially affect trend inflation. For instance, we find that accounting for the age structure leads to substantially lower estimates of endogenous inflation persistence. Hence, past historical periods of high inflation persistence might have reflected, in part, persistent demographic changes. This implies that the role of conventional endogenous drivers, such as inflation expectations, may have been overstated. If so, this could account for the current conundrum with well-anchored long-term inflation expectations and persistently low inflation rates. The stability of the relationship furthermore suggests that this may help us forecast longer-term inflation trends, as previously noted by McMillan and Baesel (1990) and Lindh and Malmberg (2000). Our estimates indicate that inflationary pressures are likely to rise in future due to the increasing share of older population cohorts and a declining share of younger ones, which has not been emphasized in the literature.

Eoin Treacy's view -

I found this a fascinating report not least because it runs contrary to the accepted view, right now, that inflation is not something we need concern ourselves with.  



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July 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Video commentary for July 22nd 2019

Eoin Treacy's view -

A link to today's video is posted in the Subscriber's Area. 

Some of the topics discussed incude: India eases on nonperforming loan fears, are we at the trough in global growth? emerging markets outperforming, semiconductors extend rebound, gold steady, silver firm, crude oil quiet on rising geopolitical tensions, Bonds steady



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July 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day on global growth

Can you please expand on this statement from Friday's commentary:

"There is potential we are currently at the trough in global growth which could support the stock market in its breakout."

Eoin Treacy's view -

Expectations for global growth has been pegged back on successive occasions over the last 18 months as the trade tensions rose between the USA and Canada, Mexico, the EU, Japan, South Korea and most pointedly with China. More recently, the increasingly taut relationship between Japan and South Korea has been making headlines.



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July 22 2019

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Trading Frenzy Grips China's New Stock Venue After Big IPO Gains

This article from Bloomberg may be of interest to subscribers. Here is a section:

The board is also a testing ground for regulators, who have waived rules on valuations and debut-day price limits for the first time since 2014. The venue is the only one in China to welcome companies that have yet to make a profit, as well as shares with unequal voting rights. The Shanghai stock exchange will create an index tracking the firms about two weeks after the 30th listing starts trading.

Shares on the Star board have no daily price limits for the first five trading days, followed by a 20% cap in either direction. To limit volatility, the venue suspends activity for 10 minutes if a stock moves by 30% and then 60% from the opening price in the first five trading days, a wider band than the rest of the stock market. Only certain qualified foreign investors can buy the stocks directly, as there’s no access through trading links with Hong Kong.

The first batch of listings included China Railway Signal & Communication Corporation Ltd., whose Hong Kong shares sank on huge volume as traders switched into the A shares. Advanced Micro-Fabrication Equipment Inc., which was the most expensive listing of the batch, jumped as much as 331%. Its 171 multiple compared with an average of 53 times for the group, and 33 for similar stocks on other Chinese venues.

Despite the hype, there are questions about whether the excitement will give way to the lukewarm sentiment that’s blanketing the world’s second-largest equity market. On the other hand, a sustained period of ultra-high demand risks draining funds from other exchanges, where volumes are shrinking. The Shanghai Composite Index fell 1.3% on Monday, while the ChiNext Index was down 1.7%.

Eoin Treacy's view -

There is no doubt China can stage manage product launches and a stock market venue is no different. The question of whether the STAR market becomes the next Nasdaq is much thornier. It will be months before we have a clear idea of how much liquidity the venue can attract and perhaps more importantly whether that will simply siphon interest away from other markets or it will create organic growth in demand for speculative shares.



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