Palladium jumped for a second day as it tussled with gold for designation as the most valuable metal.
Parity between the two last happened in 2002. Palladium has surged in the past four months on speculation there isn’t sufficient supply to meet increasing demand for the metal used in vehicle pollution-control devices.
Holdings of exchange-traded products backed by palladium are at their lowest since February 2009 as investors pull the metal and offer the commodity for lease to users scrambling for supply. The cost to borrow palladium for a month surged to a record 22%, more than seven times higher than the 10-year Treasury yield.
While palladium keeps rising, it’s a different story for platinum. Palladium’s premium to its sister metal is at the biggest since 2001. Platinum is used mostly in autocatalysts for diesel vehicles, where demand has slipped. The outlook for gold remains positive with Goldman Sachs expecting inflows to gold ETFs next year as investors seek an alternative portfolio diversifier.
Palladium futures for March delivery +1.3% to settle at $1,180.20/oz at 1:01pm on Nymex in N.Y. Spot palladium +2.4% to $1,234.29/oz; earlier climbed as high as $1,240.01/oz, a fresh record. Gold rises as much as 0.9% to $1,241.97/oz, highest price intraday since Oct. 26
“Palladium continues to steal the show from all other precious metals,” say Commerzbank analysts including Daniel Briesemann“ The high price premium on palladium is not justified in our opinion because car sales have been fairly weak on all key markets of late” Gold prices are supported “as the U.S. dollar index has backed off,” Jim Wyckoff, senior analyst at Kitco Metals, says in note to clients.
Palladium has surged higher since the August low and a short-term overbought condition is now evident. However, a break in the sequence of higher reaction lows, currently near $1100, would be required to question momentum beyond a pause.