Orsted’s warnings are the most concrete example yet of the limits of the IRA, which was hailed as a key driver for America’s nascent offshore wind industry. While the law provides at least $370 billion in grants, tax credits and other incentives for climate and clean energy projects, that’s proving no match for rising inflation and borrowing costs. And by dangling higher incentives for companies sourcing US-made parts, it’s fueling demand before the domestic supply chain catches up, driving prices higher still.
“The irony here is that the Inflation Reduction Act probably has had some part in stoking inflation for some of the green goods that it intends to encourage,” said Kevin Book, managing director at ClearView Energy Partners LLC. The IRA is already spurring construction of new US factories to manufacture critical clean-energy gear, but that’s lagging behind renewable project development, exacerbating the issue in the short term. “It takes a long time to stand up a factory. It takes a long time to replace a foreign-sourced supply chain.”
This is a great example of how governments getting involved in the free market often introduce inefficiencies that drive up prices for everyone. Energy infrastructure is capital intensive. That’s an acceptable risk when companies have a clear vision of what works and have a captive demand pool of consumers.
The challenge for new energy companies is they come with an implied risk premium. The technology is unproven, longevity is questionable, and the competitiveness of supply is subject to political whim. That implies an interest rate sensitivity that is underappreciated by most investors.Click HERE to subscribe to Fuller Treacy Money Back to top