Europe Is Pledging Ukraine Weapons It Can't Make
Comment of the Day

July 14 2023

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Europe Is Pledging Ukraine Weapons It Can't Make

This article from Bloomberg may be of interest. Here is a section:

How the war unfolds in the coming months depends in part on how effectively NATO arms Ukraine, but also on North Korean, Iranian and Chinese supplies to Russia. Whatever the outcome of the war, say the authors, President Vladimir Putin’s nation will require years to rebuild its prewar capabilities. 

Unfortunately, this view confirms the skepticism of many Western politicians, including the British elder statesman I cited above, about diverting billions to our own rearmament. Yet Russia retains some advantages over the West: Because its economy and industries are subject to direct control from the Kremlin, Putin can focus his nation’s arms production on the munitions he needs most in Ukraine.  

Although many of the right things were said in Vilnius this week, it is essential to acknowledge the seriousness of NATO’s procurement crisis. A study of its European forces published last month, written by former British Army Brigadier Ben Barry and a cluster of other strategy gurus, asserted that “an important question is whether European allies are more serious now” about rearmament “than they were after Ukraine was first invaded in 2014.” The chief of the German Army, Lieutenant General Alfons Mais, has repeatedly asserted that his country has “fallen behind its own ambitions” to rearm. 

We inhabit an era when few Western governments can muster the political support to address meaningfully big, difficult issues, of which climate change is foremost, but defense and the rebuilding of crumbling infrastructure come close behind. In a world full of threats, among which China presents a far graver menace than Russia, we shall be profoundly foolish if we fail to retool our industries and rearm our militaries. Ukraine is a historic test of Western will and staying power. Not for the first time in history, the outcome of the struggle will be determined not only on battlefields, but also in the factories of the West.

Eoin Treacy's view

China is the factory of the world. It has more steel manufacturing capacity than the rest of the world combined. If they decide to build munitions at scale that is a major competitive advantage in any prolonged conflict. The running down of arsenals in Europe, North America and Russia leaves China’s intact. That fact alone is a recipe for greater geopolitical tension.

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