Email of the day on velocity of money and inflation
Comment of the Day

November 11 2020

Commentary by Eoin Treacy

Email of the day on velocity of money and inflation

Can you please help me understand the attached article that says prices are not related to the velocity of money.  It even includes a Fed chart (page 5) to support its case. 

Eoin Treacy's view

Thank you for this question which is very relevant to the current market environment and may be of interest to the Collective. Here is a section from the article:

GDP can be thought of as Prices * Transactions or (P * T).

This leads us to: V = (P * T) / M2

Observations
Velocity can rise if prices fall if the number of transactions goes up.
Velocity can rise if prices stay the same and M2 goes down.
Velocity can fall if prices rise if M2 goes up
Velocity can fall if prices rise and the number of transactions drops.

Key Points
Prices can rise, fall, or stay the same, no matter what velocity does.
Velocity does not determine prices.
Velocity does not determine or even influence anything at all.

Velocity of Money is reported in arrears with a quarterly lag so whatever data we look at is six months out of date. I agree velocity of money does not itself lead to higher inflation. However rather than think about how velocity of money can rise or fall in the abstract let’s think about what it has been trending lower since 1997.

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